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Shrub Species of the Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster) Genus

Picture of a Cotoneaster Shrub
Picture of a Cotoneaster franchetii Shrub
Picture by A. Barra, Image use (cc1)

Cotoneasters are very popular garden shrubs, grown for their attractive growth habit and decorative colorful fruit. Many of the commercially available garden shrubs are cultivars, some being of hybrid origin. The popular Cotoneaster � watereri, (Waterer's Cotoneaster; Cotoneaster frigidus (crossed with) Cotoneaster salicifolius), is one such hybrid.
Most of the Cotoneaster species are shrubs that grow 0.5 to 5 meters (1.5ft to 16ft) tall, varying from ground covering to erect shrubs. There are a few species such as Cotoneaster frigidus, that grow as small trees, reaching up to 15 meters (49ft) tall and 75 centimeters (30inches) in tree trunk diameter. The ground covering species are mostly alpine shrubs, and or Subshrubs that grow in their native habitat at high altitude.

Cotoneaster species are either evergreen or deciduous, however there are a few species that are semi-evergreen depending on their planting location. Most Cotoneaster flowers are produced in late spring through till early summer. There are many flowering variations among species, some being quite different from each other. Flower colors vary from white through creamy yellow white, and from light pink to dark pink, and almost red. Cotoneaster fruit is a small pome 5 to 12 millimeters (0.20 to 0.47 in) diameter, maturing to either pink, bright red, orange, maroon or black. The fruit pome will remain on some species until the next flowering season or year.

Facts about the Cotoneaster Genus of Shrubs
  • Genus Scientific Name = Cotoneaster
  • Genus Common Names = Cotoneaster
  • Number of Taxa in the Cotoneaster Genus = between 72 and 347 depending on classification method

List of Cotoneaster Shrubs, Cotoneaster Genus - Some of the most commonly known species, taxa, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second.

Botanical, Latin, Scientific Shrub Name Common Shrub Name Coldest Zone Warmest Zone
Cotoneaster acutifolius Peking Cotoneaster 4 7
Cotoneaster adpressus Creeping Cotoneaster 4 8
Cotoneaster apiculatus Cranberry Cotoneaster 4 8
Cotoneaster bullatus Hollyberry Cotoneaster 5 9a
Cotoneaster conspicuus Wintergreen Cotoneaster, Necklace Cotoneaster 6 10a
Cotoneaster dammeri 'Mooncreeper' Mooncreeper Bearberry Cotoneaster 5 8a
Cotoneaster divaricatus Spreading Cotoneaster 4 7
Cotoneaster franchetii Orange (Franchet) Cotoneaster 5 7
Cotoneaster horizontalis Rockspray Cotoneaster 5 7
Cotoneaster lacteus Milkflower Cotoneaster, Parney Cotoneaster 7 10
Cotoneaster lucidus Shiny Cotoneaster, Hedge Cotoneaster 3 7
Cotoneaster microphyllus 'Emerald Spray' Little-leaf Cotoneaster, Chinese Rockspray 5 9a
Cotoneaster microphyllus var. thymifolius Thyme-leaf Cotoneaster 5 9a
Cotoneaster multiflorus Many-flowered Cotoneaster 3 7
Cotoneaster pannosus Silverleaf Cotoneaster 7 10
Cotoneaster salicifolius 'Repens' Willow-leaf Cotoneaster 5 9
Cotoneaster simonsii Simons' Cotoneaster, Himalayan Cotoneaster 3 7
CCotoneaster � watereri 'Pink Champagne' Waterer's Cotoneaster 7 10

Many Cotoneaster species have escaped from cultivated gardens, areas or landscapes and have become an invasive weed in their non-native habitat.
For example;

Chinese species of Cotoneaster have naturalized themselves in northwestern Europe.
Cotoneaster glaucophyllus has become an invasive weed in Australia and California.
Cotoneaster simonsii is listed on the New Zealand National Pest Plant Accord preventing its sale and distribution because of its invasiveness.

 

   

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