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Shrub Species of the Cinquefoil (Potentilla) Genus

Picture of a Cinquefoil Shrub
potentilla_nepalensis
Picture of a Potentilla nepalensis.

Potentilla are usually called Cinquefoil in English. Some of the more commonly known cinquefoils are grown as ornamental shrubs. These include those species with bright, colorful flowers, such as Potentilla atrosanguinea, Potentilla nepalensis and Sulphur Cinquefoil Potentilla recta.

Many hybrids have been bread for ornamental / landscaping purposes; such as Hopwood's Cinquefoil (Potentilla × hopwoodiana) and Tongue Cinquefoil (Potentilla × tonguei) have also been bred, and there exists a range of cultivars. Even double-flowered cinquefoils have been bred, starting with Victor Lemoine's 1854 'Gloire de Nancy'. Other species are useful for more specialized gardening purposes, such as rock gardens or swamps. Among the former is the hardy Spring Cinquefoil (Potentilla neumanniana), the floral emblem of Cromartyshire, UK.

Some species are used in herbalism. Potentilla fragarioides contains D-Catechin and is used as a hemostatic in Traditional Chinese Medicine, while Common Tormentil (Potentilla erecta) was similarly used in European folk medicine, and also to treat diarrhea and other gastrointestinal ailments. It is rich in flavonoids, saponins, tannins, as well as phenol and the glycoside tormentilline, and has been shown to be bacteriostatic and virostatic. It also contains the red dye tormentole and was sometimes used to color leather and other materials in former times.

 

Facts about the Potentilla Genus of Shrubs
  • Genus Scientific Name = Potentilla
  • Genus Common Names = Cinquefoil
  • Number of Taxa in the Potentilla Genus ≈ 500

List of Cinquefoil Shrubs, Potentilla Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second.

Botanical, Latin, Scientific Shrub Name Common Shrub Name Coldest Zone Warmest Zone
Potentilla acuminate Tapertip Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla alba White Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla albiflora Whiteflower Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla ambigens Silkyleaf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla angelliae Boulder Mountain Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla anglica English Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla argentea Silver Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla arguta Tall Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla arguta 'convallaria' Cream Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla atrosanguinea Ruby Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla basaltica Soldier Meadows Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla biennis Biennial Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla biflora Twoflower Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla bimundorum Staghorn Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla bipinnatifida Tansy Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla brevifolia Sparseleaf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla canadensis Dwarf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla cinerea Abbotswood Potentilla 2 7
Potentilla collina Palmleaf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla concinna Elegant Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla cottamii Pilot Range Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla crinita Bearded Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla crinita 'lemmonii' Lemmon's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla cristae Crested Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla diversifolia Varileaf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla diversifolia 'perdissecta' Mountainmeadow Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla drummondii Drummond's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla effusa Branched Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla erecta Erect Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla fissa Bigflower Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla flabellifolia High Mountain Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla fragiformis Strawberry Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla fruticosa (Dasiphora fruticosa) Shrubby Cinquefoil, bush cinquefoil, golden hardhack 3 8
Potentilla furcata Forked Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla glandulosa Sticky Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla glandulosa 'ashlandica' Ashland Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla glandulosa 'ewanii' Ewan's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla glandulosa 'hansenii' Hansen's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla glandulosa 'micropetala' Smallpetal Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla glandulosa 'nevadensis' Nevada Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla glandulosa 'arizonica' Arizona Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla gracilis Slender Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla gracilis 'gracilis' Graceful Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla grayi Gray's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla hickmanii Hickman's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla hippiana Woolly Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla hookeriana Hooker's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla inclinata Ashy Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla intermedia Downy Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla macounii Macoun's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla matsuokana Arctic Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla millefolia Cutleaf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla millefolia 'klamathensis' Klamath Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla morefieldii Morefield's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla multijuga Ballona Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla multisecta Featherleaf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla nana Arctic Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla nepalensis Potentilla nepalensis ? ?
Potentilla neumanniana Spring Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla newberryi Newberry's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla nivea Snow Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla nivea 'pentaphylla' Fiveleaf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla norvegica Norwegian Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla oblanceolata New Mexico Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla ovina Sheep Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla paradoxa Paradox Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla pectinisecta Combleaf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla pensylvanica Pennsylvania Cinquefoil, Prairie Cinquefoil 1 7
Potentilla plattensis Platte River Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla pseudosericea Silky Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla pulchella Pretty Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla pulcherrima Beautiful Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla recta Sulphur Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla reptans Creeping Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla rimicola Cliff Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla rivalis Brook Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla robbinsiana Dwarf Mountain Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla rubella Reddish Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla rubida Chihuahuan Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla rubricaulis Rocky Mountain Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla rupincola Rock Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla sierrae-blancae Sierra Blanca Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla simplex Common Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla sterilis Strawberryleaf Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla stipularis Stipulated Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla stipularis 'groenlandica' Greenland Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla subjuga Colorado Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla subviscosa Navajo Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla thurberi Scarlet Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla thuringiaca European Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla uniflora Oneflower Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla vahliana Vahl's Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla villosa Villous Cinquefoil ? ?
Potentilla wheeleri Kern Cinquefoil ? ?

 

   

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